Triangle Exploration- Making Hamentashen

Hamentashen Triangles Banner

March 24 is swiftly approaching, and with it comes the happiest day on the Jewish calendar: Purim (pronounced POUR-im)!  If you’re looking for a way to expand your Montessori Culture activities, look no further.  Montessoribox has a terrific way to introduce your toddler or preschooler to this fun, engaging holiday AND learn about different types of triangles all at the same time!

The Purim story is a favorite of children everywhere, and it’s easy to tell why- it includes a king, a beautiful palace, an evil villain, and a brave queen who saves her people from destruction!  Jewish people everywhere read the Megillah (the Book of Esther from the Bible), shake groggers (noisemakers) to “boo” the bad guy, deliver baskets filled with goodies to friends and family (often containing hamentashen), and give charity to help the needy on this holiday.  If you’re interested in learning more, Aish.com has articles, videos, and plenty of family-friendly resources about Purim.

Purim Symbols Banner.png

The quintessential Purim treat is a delicious triangle shaped cookie filled with jam called hamentashen (HAW-men-tosh-in).  Using craft foam, you and your Littles can have a hamentashen bakery right on your very own Montessori shelf!

Hamentashen Triangles Supplies:

  • 1 sheet beige craft foam
  • 1 sheet colored craft foam (for “filling”)
  • Triangle Template (PDF)
  • scissors
  • pen or pencil (for tracing)

Hammentashen Supplies Banner.png

Directions:

  1. Print the Triangle Template (this template contains a large and small version of an equilateral, scalene, and right-angle triangle).
  2. Cut out the triangles from the template.
  3. Lay the large triangles templates on the beige craft foam and trace.
  4. Cut out the large triangles.
  5. Lay the small triangle templates on the colored craft foam and trace.
  6. Cut out the small triangles.

Triangle Exploration Supplies:

  • Work mat
  • Large “cookie” triangles
  • Small “filing” triangles
  • Tray (optional)
  • Bowl (optional)

Hamentashen tray.png

Triangle Exploration Formal Presentation:

This activity is designed for Littles 22mo and up.  Since my Little has just turned 2, we were simply working on the basic shape “triangle.”  However, if your LO is older, you might wish to introduce some of the triangle vocabulary (equilateral, scalene, right-angle) as a foundation for future work with the Montessori geometric cabinet.

Now the point of this Montessori box is to “make hamentashen”- that is pair up the matching triangles- the small equilateral triangle centered on top of the large equilateral triangle, etc.

I like to put the “cookie” triangles on a tray and the “filling” triangles in a bowl for the presentation.

Hamentashen presentation.png

Remove the cookie colored triangles from the tray and lay them out in a line on the mat in front of the child. Then, remove the filling triangles from the bowl and law them out in a line above the triangles, matching.

Tell your child this activity is called “Hamentashen Triangles.” If your child is unfamiliar with hamentashen, tell them any pertinent details you want to share now.

Using two fingers, outline the shape of the first cookie triangle on the mat. Then outline the corresponding filling triangle. Say “Let’s see if they match”- and lay the filling triangle centered in the middle of the cookie. Say “They match.” Repeat with the other triangles.

Take the filling triangles off the cookies and mix them up, laying them back out in a line. Repeat with one example, outlining a cookie triangle and then outlining it’s corresponding filling, repeating “let’s see if they match.” Allow the child to complete the rest of the triangles.

Even though this is not specifically a fine motor activity, your movements should still reflect elegance and beauty. Try to perfectly center each triangle in its cookie as well as outline each triangle smoothly.

If you are presenting this activity to an older child, you may want to tell them the name of each triangle as you first present it. Your initial presentation will look like this:

hamentashen labeled triangles

The setup remains the same. As you outline the triangle say “This is an equilateral triangle” Then outline the corresponding filling triangle. Say “Let’s see if they match”- and lay the filling triangle centered in the middle of the cookie. Say “They match. They are both scalene triangles.” Repeat with the other triangles.

As a bonus- if you’re interested in baking up some real, edible hamentashen, I have posted our family recipe here.

Let me know how this activity went for you and your Little in the comments!  Check out gorgeous pictures of other Montessori inspired activities on our instagram, follow us on Twitter @montessoribox, and like us on Facebook!  Also, feel free to leave comments about other activities you’d love to see in the future.  Thanks for visiting!

 

 

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Rainbow Rice: Foundational Pouring

Rainbow Rice Banner

Happy Friday everyone!  Looking to kick off your gorgeous spring weekend with a bang?!  Create this week’s engaging Montessori Box- Rainbow Rice: Foundational Pouring Skills.  Your Littles are guaranteed to love it, and you only need a handful of materials.  Don’t feel like dying rice today?  Scroll down to the Pouring Activity which can be done with plain, white rice.  Don’t let your Little miss out on this fantastic fine motor practice!

Rainbow Rice Supplies:

  • 1 cup white rice per color (uncooked)
  • 1/2 tsp. white vinegar per color
  • container with tight-fitting lid
  • assorted food coloring
  • baking sheet (or other flat surface, lined with wax paper/parchment paper/plastic wrap, where rice can dry)

Ingredients

Directions:

Get ready to have your mind blown over how EASY this is.

  1. Pour 1 c. uncooked rice into your container.
  2. Add 1/2 tsp. vinegar and several drops food coloring (the more you add, the more vibrant your colors will turn out).
  3. Tighten that lid
  4. SHAKE SHAKE SHAKE- until color is evenly distributed over the rice                      ****If your Little is 18mo or older, they can help you with this part.  They’ll love the noise the rice makes and love seeing the color spread!***
  5. Pour rice onto baking sheet or flat surface and spread into a thin layer to dry (several hours or overnight).  The vinegar smell will completely dissipate over time.
  6. Rinse out your container and repeat steps 1-5 until you have as many colors as you’d like!

Foundational Pouring Activity Supplies:

  1. Work Mat or Tub (a large, plastic tub will keep the rice contained for easy cleanup)
  2. Two Measuring Cups with Spouts
  3. Rainbow Rice (or regular rice, beans, or lentils all work great)

Foundational Pouring:

This activity is designed for Littles 18mo and up.  Of course, you can go as “Montessori” as you’d like or just let your Little explore and figure it out for themselves.  The traditional Montessori method dictates you wordlessly demonstrate each step, deliberately and with perfection, for your Littles.

When I first introduced pouring to Rosie, she was only 17 months.  I knew she’d never sit for a presentation, so I didn’t try.  I just laid out the materials as described below during her nap, so it was all ready in her playroom when she woke up.

She figured it out all on her own, though without the “beauty” and precison Maria Montessori would have liked.  When she was a few months older, I did a formal pouring presentation.  We are definitely in the “sensitive period” for pouring now!

Rainbow Rice Setup

Formal Presentation:

Arrange the two measuring cups on the Mat (or in the Tub).  Fill the one on your Little’s right with rice.  Leave the other empty.  Invite your little to watch a new presentation.  Tell them this activity is called “Pouring Rainbow Rice.”  First they will watch while you have a turn, and next they get to try.  Then, no more talking.  Remember- we don’t want Little to be listening to your words, we want them watching your actions.

Deliberately and s l o w l y pick up the cup filled with rice.  Center the spout over the middle of the empty cup.  S l o w l y pour the rice until the cup is empty.  Gently and silently place the cup back onto the mat (or tub).  Pick up the newly filled cup and repeat.  Invite your Little to give it a try.

Remember to only observe.  The whole theory behind Montessori is that you are not a teacher you’re a director.  Don’t jump in and yell CUT if you can tell your Little has the cups lined up wrong and is bound to pour rice all over the mat.  Just let it happen.  They will learn way more by seeing the result of their mistake.  This is so hard, but just step back.

Make mental notes of what movements could be corrected.  Perhaps Little isn’t centering the spout.  Perhaps Little is pouring too fast.  Next time you or your Little want to do rice pouring, you can lead another presentation emphasizing the areas they’re struggling with.  Remember to stay silent while you present so they can really watch.

After your Little is finished tell them you will now show them how to put their “tools” away.  (Remember, Montessori activities aren’t toys- they’re tools.)  I love a 3-compartment box for this activity.  I pour all the rice into a little plastic tub in one of the compartments and place the measuring cups in the other two.  Then, carry the box with two hands to the shelf or area where it will live.  From here on out, encourage (*cough* demand *cough*) Little to clean this activity up and put it away each time they’re finished.  Depending upon their age, of course, your Little might need help cleaning up.

Leave comments on how this activity worked for you, and which skills or activities you’d love to see more of!  Also, remember to follow us on facebook, twitter @MontessoriBox and  check out the videos of this activity on YouTube.